Kursk State Medical University, Russia
Kursk State Medical University (KSMU) is one of the leading clinical instructive foundations in Russia. Over 40 thousand specialists, pharmaceutists, and other wellbeing experts have been prepared for its 83 years of presence—Kursk State Medical University ranking in the top 54% of universities worldwide. The University’s exercises are completed as per the necessities of state principles and global guidelines in quality, the board, and orders of the European Association of value confirmation in advanced education. The Independent Public Council “European Quality” has recorded Kursk State Medical University Russia among the Hundred Best Russian colleges. Yearly, Kursk Medical University demonstrates its effectiveness reflected by the checking consequences of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.
Kursk state medical university was established in 1935 by the Council of People’s Commissars No 89, dated 9 February. The order of people’s commissar health service dated 7 May 1935 read, “Proceed to organise medical institute in Kursk with admission for the ﬁrst year of 250 people and establish the beginning of classes on the 1st of September, 1935”. The ﬁrst director of the medical institute was appointed physician V.I. Deshevoi.
The pre-war period
On the 20th of May, 1935, the general committee of the Kursk regional board of the deputies Soviet arrived at a decision, which obliged the medical institute and public health administration to implement the order of the People’s Commissariat of the RSFSR immediately. Some buildings belonging to a college were given to the institute to allocate the leading university’s elements. These buildings required big jobs in their reconstruction, equipment and additional construction.
The completion of the university’s construction had to be in 1940, but everything necessary has been prepared by the beginning of the ﬁrst academic year. The central theoretical departments — anatomy, biology, general chemistry and physics — are located in buildings next to the main building. The auditorium with 300 seats and anatomical museum were also there. The ﬁrst heads were candidates of medical sciences L.A. Shangina, A.D. Bernshteyn, M.F. Mihaylov, V.I. Popov. Lecturers of the medical college and experienced medical practitioners were involved as assistants.
The ﬁrst clinical departments were placed in the regional clinical and railway hospitals, the municipal hospital named after N.A. Semashko, the Republican psychiatric hospital and maternity homes. The experienced specialists were involved in guiding clinical departments: N.S. Smirnov, I.A. Chernogorov, A.G. Butylin, H.N. Levitan, F.A. Rachevsky, N.D. Nikolaev, N.I. Golik, I.Ya. Deyneka, V.V. Shostakovich, A.V. Shteyn and others. On the 30th of June, 1940 there was held the ﬁrst graduation ceremony of 186 young physicians.
The war period
In the spring of 1941, the university prepared for the second graduation of physicians. On the 22nd of June, 1941, during the university’s work, peaceful working life was broken. In the ﬁrst days of the war, 32 lecturers were off at the front: Ya.S. Androsov, A.N. Glinsky, G.P. Istomin, E.Ya. Kuperman, D.P. Smirnov, T.O. Kremlev, S.M. Kuklin, A.V. Holod, M.G. Chursanov, A.A. Rappoport, A.P. Chernaya, G.P. Smirnova, M.N. Lure, M.V. Moshkin and 210 graduates, who have passed state exams. In September of 1941, they were graduated as warrant doctors, and 231 of them went to the army. The war didn’t let the students of the third enrolment (1937) complete an entire course of education.
Employees, graduates, students of the university, who were off at the front with deadly force fought for Leningrad, fought side by side with the defenders of Moscow and Stalingrad, liberated Budapest, Warsaw and Prague and came to Berlin with the victory. Many of them are awarded orders and medals for courage and heroism displayed in battles for the motherland. They are I.G. Kotsyubinskiy, V.A. Leonov, M.I. Medvedeva, A.V. Bulgakov, A.A. Sokolov, S.A. Kuzubov, G.V. Kalashnikov, A.I. Shindyapin C.V. Savlukov and others.
From the ﬁrst days of the war, professors and lecturers of the university took an active part in the organisation of military medical and preventive treatment institutions. Professors M.G. Ruditsky, H.N. Levitan, I.A. Chernogorov, N.S. Smirnov, associate professor Ya.M. Bune and others engaged in advisory activity in evacuation hospitals, trained doctors of hospitals of military surgery and therapy. Professor A.V. Rudchenko and head of the department of military medical training G.V. Tupikov conducted a big job with physicians and paramedical staff in preparing them to work in military laboratories.
On the 8th of October, 1941, in the heat of the ﬁghts at the approaches to Kursk, more than 300 employees and students, part of the equipment, workbooks and other things were evacuated to Alma-Ata. During this evacuation from December 1941 to January 1944, students, lecturers and professors formed a part of the Kazakh Medical Institute.
After the war
At the beginning of 1943, Soviet troops defeated a German group in Kursk district and liberated the city on the 8th of February. On the 12th of January, 1944 there was issued an order of the All-Union Committee for Higher Education of the USSR, which read:
- to restore Kursk medical institute from the 1st of January, 1944;
- to organise classes in all courses from the beginning of 1944-45 academic year;
- to approve the plan of admission for the ﬁrst year of 200 people; to nominate A.V. Rudchenko as temporarily assuming the responsibilities of the director of the institute.
Here began active work in the reconstruction of the institute.
- On the 5th of July, 1944, the employees of the institute and the property were delivered to Kursk from Alma-Ata.
- On the 1st of September, 1944, 650 students began studies from the ﬁrst and the next four years. Many of them were former vets, soldiers of guerrilla bands, armies of citizens, awarded orders and medals.
- The ﬁrst graduation ceremony after the institute’s reconstruction was held in 1945.
- In 1954 the institute was qualiﬁed for academic staff training through a postgraduate training program for the ﬁrst time. First postgraduates were his graduates –participants of the Great Patriotic War N.F. Krutko G.M. Tkachenko.
- By 1955, the academic building was restored, was built two student hostels, a facility for the department of physical education equipped a sports hall, a dining room, and the library was expanded and enriched.
- The institute grew and developed, overcoming the difﬁculties of the wartime: the material and technological base strengthened, research and clinical basis were expanded, and academic activity constantly improved.
Directors and Rectors of KSMU
Bune Yan Martynovich
Gekhman Samuel Ruvimovich
Rudchenko Anna Vasilievna
Yaltsev Dmitry Alexandrovich
Derevyagin Mikhail Petrovich
Ostroverkhov Georgii Efimovich
Saveliev Alexander Vasilievich
Krut’ko Nikolai Fedorovich
Zavyalov Alexander Vasilievich
Lazarev Aleksei Ivanovich
Lazarenko Victor Anatolievich
In 1985 Kursk state medical institute was awarded an order of the Red Banner of Labour for merits in the training of physicians and pharmaceutists and contribution to the development of public health service and medical science. In 1984 it became the University of the First Category, in 1985 it was awarded an order of the Red Banner of Labour and in 1994 it was assigned a status of the university